Adrenal Gland Tumors

What is the adrenal gland?

The adrenal glands are a set of paired glands found within the abdomen in cats and dogs that constitute a major portion of the hormonal (endocrine) system.  The adrenal gland can be split into two major regions.  The outer portion, the cortex, is responsible for producing cortisol (the main stress hormone of the body), some sex hormones, and substances which help regulate the body’s blood pressure and electrolyte balance.  The inner portion, the medulla, produces adrenaline and its precursors (epinephrine, norepinephrine).  The adrenal glands are located very near the kidneys and adjacent to the major blood vessels of the abdomen, the aorta and caudal vena cava. 

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Canine Cruciate Ligament Surgery

Canine Cruciate Ligament Injury

Canine Cruciate Ligament Injury (CCLI) is the leading cause of pelvic limb lameness in dogs. Although tearing of this ligament can occur as a result of an athletic injury, a significant number of patients suffer from degeneration of the ligament that leads to failure with minimal trauma. The primary cause of this degeneration is unknown but is likely the result of several factors including genetics and conformation. Veterinary surgeons and researchers are constantly studying potential contributing factors to CCLI and exploring surgical techniques that may improve long term function. 

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If you are reading this, it is likely you received the devastating news that your family friend is suffering from some unfortunate trauma.  We know this can be an incredibly stressful and traumatic time for both you and your pet. How will things turn out? Will he/she be OK? There are many factors that will affect the answer to this question. The severity and nature of the injury is certainly one of them. Equally important is the skill, experience, and tools of the team treating him/her. The success of your pet’s fracture treatment has much to do with type and severity of the injury, but also with the experience and equipment of the team treating them.  Rest assured that you are in good hands.

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Hip Dysplasia

What is Hip Dysplasia?

Hip Dysplasia is a common, inherited, developmental condition that involves increased laxity of the hip joint. It is one of the most common orthopedic abnormalities in young, giant and large breeds, but all breeds can be afflicted. Although the exact cause of hip dysplasia has not been determined, many factors have been implicated. Genetics, rapid growth, excessive nutrition and diminished muscle mass have been associated with increased severity of hip dysplasia. Affected dogs are born with normal hips (Figure 1), but develop a lack of conformity between the femur and acetabular cup which invariably leads to the development of arthritis. 

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Liver Lobectomy for Liver Masses

What is a liver lobectomy?

Liver lobectomy refers to removal of a liver lobe.  In dogs and cats, the liver is made up of six separate lobes.  Beginning from the left side of the abdomen, these include the left lateral lobe, left medial lobe, quadrate lobe, right medial lobe, right lateral lobe, and caudate lobe.  Surgical removal of large liver tumors often requires concurrent removal of a substantial amount of normal liver tissue.  Thankfully the healthy liver tissue has a strong regenerative capacity and removal of 65% - 70% of the total liver volume can be performed without significant consequence.  Liver regeneration begins within hours after liver lobectomy and may last up to 6 – 10 weeks.

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